Address:

222603, Nesvizh, Sovetskaya str., 1

E-mail:

. (for business correspondence)

Reception phone:

+375 (1770) 5-94-49

Fax reception:

+375 (1770) 5-10-91

Operating mode:

on working days: 8.00 - 17.00, lunch break: 13.00 - 14.00

Telephone «hot line» of the regional executive committee:

+375 (1770) 5-94-49

Single help service telephone number «one window»: 142

The memory of victory is the foundation of a peaceful future

04.05.2021

Military actions and massive punitive actions against the inhabitants of the occupied territory during the Great Patriotic War led to huge human losses and caused enormous material damage to Belarus, which negatively affected the development of all segments of the economy in the post-war years. The most significant and irreparable losses were human losses. During the war, about 3 million inhabitants of Belarus died.

During the war years, the Nazis carried out over 140 large-scale punitive operations against partisans and the population of Belarus.

Only a few large-scale and bloody punitive operations on the territory of Belarus:

Action "Pripyat swamps" - from July 19 to August 31, 1941, 18 villages were burned and 13 788 people were killed;

Operation Bamberg - during the period from March 20 to April 4, 1942, the executioners burned more than 3,600 residential buildings, shot, hanged and burned about 5,600 residents of the Mogilev, Minsk and Gomel regions;

during the punitive expedition "Swamp fever", which covered 13 districts of the Vitebsk, Minsk and Brest regions in August-September 1942, 10,013 civilians were killed, 1,217 were taken to hard labor in Germany;

expedition "Cottbus" (May-June 1943) - 221 villages were completely or partially burned, 4056 houses were destroyed, more than 10 thousand civilians of Minsk and Vitebsk regions were shot and burned alive.

Of the 10,773 thousand m2 of housing in cities and regional centers that were available before the war, only 2,762 thousand m2 remained, almost 3 million people were left without a roof over their heads. The energy capacities were almost completely destroyed, 90% of the machine tool park, the sown area was reduced by 40%. The invaders destroyed and exported to Germany 2800 thousand heads of large and 5700 thousand heads of small livestock.

Completely destroyed 6177 and partially 2648 school buildings, 40 universities, 24 scientific institutions, 200 libraries, 4756 theaters and clubs, 1377 hospitals and outpatient clinics, 2188 children's institutions. Belarus has lost half of its national wealth. The total damage to the national economy of the BSSR was an incredibly huge figure - 75 billion rubles, which was equal to 35 state budgets of Belarus in 1940.

The methods of genocide were the most sophisticated. Our fellow citizens died in death camps from hunger, cold, bullying and mass executions. Children were placed in special camps, where they took their blood for the German soldiers. Young people were taken out to work in industrial enterprises and in agriculture in Germany. Mass shootings of hostages were widely practiced. The civilian population was driven out to harrow the minefields, causing thousands of deaths and injuries. Under the pretext of fighting the partisans, hundreds of villages were burned down along with the inhabitants, whole areas turned into deserted deserts.

More than 260 death camps and places of mass extermination were created on Belarusian soil, including about 70 Jewish ghettos.

Only in Minsk and the surrounding area there were 9 camps in which more than 400 thousand people were killed: the death camp Trostenets (more than 206.5 thousand people were killed), the Masyukovshchina camp (more than 80 thousand people), the camp on the street. Broad (20 thousand people).

In addition, the Nazis carried out over 140 large-scale punitive operations against partisans and the population of Belarus during the war years.

Speaking at the solemn meeting dedicated to the Independence Day of the Republic of Belarus in 2020, A.G. Lukashenko said: “When we see that even the descendants of peoples saved 75 years ago from Nazi slavery and genocide are tearing down monuments to Soviet soldiers and heroizing the Nazis, we understand that the war, unfortunately, is not over. It continues in the cultural, informational, political and economic spheres.

Therefore, any attempts to discredit the generation of winners should be regarded as an encroachment on the sovereignty of which the Belarusian people are also the bearers. And you need to understand that the descendants and ideological followers of those who stood on the other front line will not abandon their attempts to rewrite the history of World War II or consign it to oblivion. But we cannot, we simply have no right to allow this. We have no right in the name of the memory of those who gave their lives for the freedom of the Belarusian land, for our present present and the future of our children and grandchildren. "

It is important to remember this, to honor the memory of the people who became victims of genocide with dignity. At the same time, recent events show that there are those who are ready to use these tragic pages of history not with a noble purpose.

Today, the growing campaign to rewrite the history of World War II, cynical attempts to whitewash war criminals and their accomplices - those who created and embodied the theory of racial superiority, declaring collaborators who collaborated with the Nazis as participants in national liberation movements and blasphemous efforts of political elites of a number of Western and Eastern European countries for the destruction of historical memory.

One cannot ignore the fact that in some countries those who fought against the Anti-Hitler coalition or collaborated with the Nazis are trying to elevate to the rank of national heroes.

Traced

glorifying the Nazi movement, including by unveiling monuments and memorials, and holding public demonstrations to extol the Nazi past, the Nazi movement and neo-Nazism.

In order to consolidate new "historical" approaches, textbooks for schools and universities are being rewritten accordingly, visual material in regional local history museums is being reformatted, new thematic museums are being created, etc.

A direct consequence of the attempts to glorify the Nazis is the systematic acts of vandalism and (as a rule) the deliberate partial destruction of memorials. Monuments of military glory are decorated with neo-Nazi and provocative graffiti and inscriptions.

In this troubled time, our historical memory of the victory of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War should be the foundation that will become the basis of our pride. The basis for uniting all generations of Belarusian citizens. And our sacred duty is to protect the memory of this war.

The Prosecutor General of the Republic of Belarus, with the consent of the Head of State, has initiated and is currently investigating a criminal case on the fact of the genocide of the population of Belarus during the Great Patriotic War and the post-war period.

In this regard, there is a need for public assistance in obtaining any information about the above facts committed on the territory of the Nesvizh region, and in particular about the facts of the destruction of the civilian population (war victims), the identification data of the killed (place of birth, residence, other personal data); information about the persons (military units) who committed these crimes, their accomplices, Nazi criminals, military units of the Wehrmacht, who were in the area during the executions (destruction); the facts of the activities of illegal groups ("Krainov's Army", "Forest Brothers" and others); documents that served as the basis for the destruction of civilians (decisions of the occupation authorities on the murder, maps of executions, etc., destroyed villages, burial places, photographs, films, etc.);

living eyewitnesses (witnesses) of these events, other persons (relatives of deceased participants in tragic events and others), directly or indirectly possessing the information of interest.

We ask you to report the available information to the department of ideological work, culture and youth affairs of the Nesvizh regional executive committee by phone: 5-96-54.

To the prosecutor's office of the Nesvizh region on weekdays from 09.00 to 18.00 by phone 5-59-72 (reception), as well as in writing to the address: Nesvizh, st. Sadovaya, 12a, or by e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Fathers, grandfathers, great-grandfathers fought for our future, our independence and peace on Earth. It is our duty to honor their memory, to appreciate every day spent in free Belarus under a peaceful sky.

Vitaly GOLUBOVICH,

prosecutor of Nesvizh region.

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